Information and Communication Technologies (ICT) for Trade and Transport facilitation: ICT related requirements and gaps in implementing Trade and Transport facilitation systems

18 November 2015

Trade and transport facilitation require governments, administrations and businesses to improve efficiency and effectiveness, to simplify, standardize and harmonize processes, documents and formalities, to foster partnership and cooperation, and to increase transparency. Information and Communications Technology (ICT) can support many trade and transport facilitation concepts and objectives. The value of ICT for trade and transport facilitation goes beyond concepts such as Single Windows. Automated business processes, digitalization of procedures, simpler interaction and transmission of data, and faster decision-making abilities deliver advantages in many trade and transport facilitation areas.

Taking an abstract generic perspective, this paper studies the linkage between trade and transport facilitation and ICT. It looks into the business needs of trade and transport facilitation (TTF) and how ICT can respond to these needs. Neither trade and transport  facilitation, nor IT systems in public administration are new phenomena. But, so the paper argues, new policy and regulatory directions for trade and transport facilitation and new operational requirements have emerged in recent years. Thus the design of ICT architecture and its organizational underpinnings has to change to respond to these new requirements.

 

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